Injectable solution of dextrose 5%
Apresentações: 100 mL, 250 mL, 500 mL and 1 L.
MS Register: 1.0491.0020.
The injectable glucose solution at a concentration of 5% is indicated as source of water, calories, osmotic diuresis in cases of dehydration and in hypoglycemia and as a vehicle for dilution compatible drugs. A 5% glucose solution is often the concentration employed in the depletion of fluid, usually being administered through a peripheral vein. Thus, glucose is the preferred source of carbohydrate in parenteral nutrition regimens, often also being used in oral rehydration solutions for the prevention and / or treatment of dehydration caused by diarrhea.
The glucose-free electrolyte solutions should not be administered simultaneously with the infusion of blood due to the possibility of clotting. The use of glucose solution is contraindicated in the following situations: overhydration, hyperglycemia, diabetes, acidosis, dehydration hypotonic and hypokalemia. The use of hypertonic glucose solution (concentration above 5% glucose) is contraindicated in patients with intracranial and intraspinal hemorrhage, delirium tremens in dehydrated patients, glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome and patients with hypersensitivity to corn products.